In three important books, the French philosopher Michel Foucault explains the framework of postmodern philosophy: the history of the clinic – the history of madness and the history of sexuality (sexual behaviour).
In these three books, Foucault addresses three very important areas of human life: physical health, mental health, and sexual health.
Foucault concludes with a historical review that each time has a dominant or macro-narrative discourse that forms the framework of the thinking of the people of that time, and the definition of health-disease, intellect-irrationality and moral-immoral is not outside of the macro-narrative framework of that time.
Where do these great narratives come from?
According to Hegelian reading, history is the flow of reason and the spirit of history passes through different stages in its path of maturity. Each of these stations has necessities and requirements that are the same as the narratives.
But with the Marxist reading (“Karl Marx“), the big narratives are the product of economic necessities.
For example, a society whose economic flow is dependent on the tourism industry cannot tolerate racism and extreme nationalism. While a society whose economic flow is dependent on oil looks at every foreigner as a thief who intends to plunder his God-given wealth!
A society whose tourism market rotates with religious tourism (pilgrimage) becomes more religious without conscious choice, while a society whose tourism market is governed by nature tourism (ecotourism) pays more attention to nature conservation.
With that in mind, macro-cultural change happens when macroeconomic change happens, as I did in an article entitled “If the Steam Machine Had Not Been Invented.” But on the other hand, macroeconomic changes are also due to changes in work culture. For example, a society that has become religiously biased on the basis of its economic dependence on religious tourism can no longer afford other economic opportunities, such as nature tourism or health tourism, and thus suffers from a closed cycle or a vicious cycle.
The conclusion is that those who are concerned about cultural development must also have a macroeconomic perspective, and those who are concerned about economic development must also have a cultural perspective. Will Durant sees civilization as the product of leisure, and leisure is the result of economic added value.
Dr. Mohammad Reza Sargolzaei – Psychiatrist
Translated By: Negar Kolkar
Photo From: nochedelmundo.wordpress.com
لینک کوتاه مطلب: https://drsargolzaei.com/en//?p=14661