Carl Gustav Jung has important psychological and social achievements regarding the third millennium man. According to Jung, “individualization” is the process that must take place in life for us to become perfect human beings.
In fact, we are the human half is singled out before individualism; Being human is a potential possibility for us, not an actual one. What is real in the beginning is that we are animals. But only some of us have become human and others will not become human. It seems to be difficult to become human!
Gordon All port, an American humanist psychologist, believes that only two percent of people go through this stage of self-actualization, which is the stage of humanization and they can arrive. Another 98% of potential humans and animals are born, and potential humans and animals dy. This is the nominal self-actualization that Abraham Maslow named the destination, which Jung calls individuation.
Jung says that the process of mental development has two parts: from birth to adolescence, only the bedrock of human mental development occurs. That is, the fundamental event that is to take place in human development; It will not be realized until adolescence. Until then, in fact, man is learning the skills of survival.
From adolescence onwards, a stage in human development begins that probably does not exist in animal life. (Although this may not be the case because we do not yet have the tools to study the complex interactions of animals. And our voices are the same. If you are Solomon, then you will understand that crows do not growl!) The name of this stage is “adolescent crisis” or “identity crisis”.
From this point on, our humanization process begins with a crisis. In general, whenever we have a crisis in life, that is, we have entered a stage of development; When we also turn the gear smoothly and comfortably for ourselves and everything is as it should be; That is, we are not in a period of growth. The beginning of developmental periods for human beings is always accompanied by a crisis. So the first crisis is the crisis of adolescence, which occurs at the same time as puberty. In adolescence crisis, the most important thing for human beings; It is a matter of identity.
What does identity mean?… Does it mean who I am ?! The first crisis is “Who am I?” Before this crisis, everyone knew “who I am.” For example, “Ms. Zari’s daughter” or “My dad’s son”… The whole story is solved! But it is not clear whether these are the hormones that trigger a process in the brain as adolescence begins, or whether the transformation of the human body raises the question of who I am. However, to answer this question, one begins to find independence and separate oneself from the context in which one finds oneself.
It is as if he had ever seen himself as one with this field, and now he begins to see himself as something separate, protruding, and manifested; That is, he pays attention to himself for the first time in the form of a figure. So he can no longer introduce himself as “my dad’s son” and “my mom’s son”; Rather, he wants to draw a framework around himself to introduce himself, and in order to draw this framework, he deliberately rejects some of the imposed behaviours and goes to some of the behaviours that are forbidden to him; Because if that does not happen, he is still part of the field. He has no enmity with anyone; He just wants to paint himself in a different colour so that he can easily identify “who I am.”
This crisis is an identity crisis that manifests itself through stubbornness, violence, aggression and disobedience. There is a process going on that, if carried out in a healthy way, will lead man to transform from a potential human antisocial animal into a potential human social animal. You know that animals are of two kinds; Social animals and non-social animals. Cats, for example, are antisocial animals. Often, we see cats alone. Just for reproduction, they are together for a short period and have intercourse; The male cat is then separated; The female cat brings the children into the world and raises them, and then they all go about their work.
Except for a short period of time when children need care; You do not see cats as families. Likewise, rhinos and many other animals live in isolation. Antisocial animals live in a kind of “self-sufficiency”; That is, each animal does all its own work independently and alone; Has no expectations of others and has no obligations to other members; Apart from the same reproductive task, man, at this point (adolescent crisis), finds himself in a situation where he becomes a social animal such as wolves, dogs, dolphins, whales, and so on. One difference between social animals and non-social animals is that social animals have a “touch of hunger.”
“Humans have three categories of hunger,” says Eric Byrne.
So the characteristic of a social animal is that it touch-hunger, and one of the genetic characteristics of man is that it is a social animal, and if it is not noticed and touched, it becomes ill.
You know, years ago, when bacteria were discovered; Scientists have concluded that many diseases are caused by bacteria; And so for babies who do not yet have a well-developed immune system at birth; It is best to live in low-bacterial environments.
For this reason, after delivery, the infants were separated from the mother and taken to the neonatal ward. The nurses, with shoes, hats, gloves, and special clothing, cared for the children and took them to their mothers for feeding every two to three hours.
In fact, these children were only touched for ten to twenty minutes a day. After a while, it was observed that children in these isolated conditions show less physical growth and a higher incidence of infectious diseases. They later realized that children needed to be touched in addition to food; Therefore, these wards were closed and the infants, except when they had a certain disease; They are kept with the mother and on the same bed from birth.
Monkeys, ants, and bees, like humans, are social animals. In times of identity crisis, man seems to have a choice… the right to choose to become a cat, or to become a wolf! An isolated animal or a social animal! If this step is successful; The process of socialization has taken shape. Man is a social animal when he prefers the interests of the team to his own personal interests. This person knows that when a team is strong, its interests will be served. But finding this social identity comes with many challenges.
This socialization has not yet occurred in many modern societies; Existed in primitive tribes; Because in these societies, naming is done in groups; Circumcision is a group; Is group training; Eating is a group… because collective growth has taken place in these tribes; They live like a team.
In a society where socialization has taken place; The first student is not known as the first student; Unless it raises the score of other students as well. If the whole society is restructured; Then socialization takes place in it. But the end of socialization is just the beginning of the process of individuation; And Jung calls the end of the process of individuality integrity, which is, in fact, the end of internal conflicts. This point is called individuation by both “Eric Erickson” and Jung . So socialization is a stage that ends with the acquisition of the ego, and the ego means social identity. After this socialization, the stage of individuality begins, which ends in integrity.
What is Individuation?
Expedition is an adventurous journey; This means that this trip is not a trip that has been marked and finally told to you that you have arrived; Now let the exodus be here!… Step by step this path must be explored by yourself..
Where does this journey take place?
Through! Through life means from the belly of life! That is, you can not pack your bags and say: “Goodbye, I’m going to find Individuation”! This must happen in the course of life and during the conflict with life events. Where is its destination? Whole wholeness or self hood; Achieve that true self. How does this happen?…
We need to balance the opposing forces of our lives. When riding a bicycle, you have to fall on one side against al-Qaeda; But that does not happen when you get a job. Reaching the equilibrium point is the same; An unbelievable thing happens and we can balance our opposing forces. This is achieving Individuation.
Normally, some people are in love and some are wise; But he who attains Individuation is a wise lover. Some people are ruling and some are obedient; But the one who attains individuality is the “obedient ruler.”
As Lao Tzu writes in Tao Ta Ching: A wise leader is one who, when he does something, no one realizes that it was his work; People say we did it. It was all in our hands! This leader is an anonymous leader whose presence the people are unaware of. Osho, the Indian philosopher, says that whenever you saw that very loving people came to their senses through love; Or very wise people fell in love through reason; Then a balance is created between the opposing components.
So in Individuation it is important to reach a balance. But defining balance is a very difficult definition. Rumi has an example in his book Masnavi which shows that it is not easy to reach balance.
It was a monastery where several people lived as disciples and mentors. One day some of the disciples came to the master and said: “One of us is an extremist; “Because each of us eats a loaf of bread and he eats two loaves of bread!” The mentor called the person and asked him, “Why are you eating two loaves of bread and going to extremes?”
The person said, “Those who have said this eat half a loaf of bread a day in their own house; This is their daily strength. But here they eat a loaf of bread instead of half a loaf of breadBut we ate four loaves of bread a day in our house; Here I restrain; I am austere; I keep half of my stomach hungry and eat two loaves of bread; My stomach churns until night! “Now, who is an extremist and who is a restraint ?!”
The teacher sees that yes, work is very difficult; Because the equilibrium point is not a standard point.
Standardization takes place at the community level while the equilibrium point we are talking about; It is completely individual. That is why it is called individuality.
Socialized people are like ceramic pieces that carpet the earth; You can remove each one and replace it with another. Ceramic pieces have found a social character. But individuality individuals can not be replaced.
It can not be said that Leonardo da Vinci is enough for us! It cannot be said that the end of Persian poetry is Hafez, for example; Khayyam’s quatrains are no longer necessary; no individualized person can be exchanged for another person. Therefore, human beings must first reach standardization. But individuality is the equilibrium point that no one from outside can practice to man; Rather, during the journey of life, this balance occurs.
In the process of individuality, the existing contradictions between good and evil, introversion and extroversion, masculinity and materialism, thought and feeling, birth and death, and between the animal aspect and our transcendental aspect, are balanced. Jung believes that these are different aspects of mental functioning. “We have different mental functions that are also contradictory,” he says. These aspects include the following:
Thinking and feeling
Sensation and enlightenment or intuition
Introversion and extroversion
“Everyone has all these functions,” says Jung. No one is absolute and one hundred percent. For example, no one is one hundred percent or zero percent emotional; But there is no balance between these functions. One person feels very obvious; We talk, he sheds tears; It’s so gratifying that he wants to describe something. This character is very lovable, but we can not replace him with a manager. On the contrary, people are thinkers; These people analyze everything; Define; They determine right and wrong. The wholeness that comes with Individuation means that one thinks intensely, less than one thinks, and adds to one’s feelings. Jung believes:
(Increase in one area, for example thinking, means decreasing another, for example feeling)
That is, a person who thinks too much will limp in one place, and that is in emotional cases. This person does not understand many things. But when the same person finds solitude; Emotional issues also become understandable to him. This is a sign of his individuality (we have nothing to do with the techniques of the path of individuality). Conversely, if an emotional person understands two to four, it is a sign of balance.
“Paolo Coelho” has a beautiful story about this, which of course we do not know is his work, or he took it from somewhere: it is the story of a young man who goes to a wise man and says that I want to reach wisdom of life. The wise man gives him a glass of water and says: “Go and go around this garden and come back; “But be careful not to spill a drop of this water.” The young man leaves and returns without spilling the water. The teacher asks, “Did you see the trees too?… What tree was it? Is It bloomed?Is It bore fruit?” “I was not pay attention,” says the young man. »
The master says: “Come back; Take the glass again and turn it in the garden and this time see what the trees were? What were the birds? “Wow, there were blossoms, and there were persimmons, and … there was rabbit, and there were butterflies, and there was a world!”… The master said: “What about your glass ?!” The young man just realized that the glass was empty! Here the master said to him, “That’s it! “… The art of living is to see the whole garden and want to have a glass so that it does not spill!” With this beautiful metaphor, Paolo Coelho expresses the balance between Socialization and Jung’s individualization
The late “Hossein Panahi” has a poem with the same mood:
“My mission may be to pass two cups of hot tea safely through two hundred bloody wars and to drink face to face with my God one night!”
According to Jung’s plan when individuality occurs; The whole subconscious of the individual lies in self-awareness; That is, one realizes at any given moment which choice is due to the inferiority complex; Which one was due to habit and which one was due to fear.
“Self-awareness means awareness of the intentions of actions at the moment of occurrence”
Otherwise, many people realize the root cause of their behaviour after their behaviour occurs by thinking about it, or during psychoanalysis, for example. Jung says:
Whenever your personal subconscious is fully conscious; You have reached individuality.
Of course, it is not the case that the individualized person also dominates the collective unconscious; The collective subconscious is so much bigger and bigger than we can control. The collective subconscious always dominates us and affects us. The difference between dreaming of an individualized person and a non-individualized person is that because the individual is not aware of his personal subconscious; The individual subconscious dominated him; It affects his behaviour and symbolically affects his dreams.
So if such a person feels guilty; He may dream that the police have come to arrest him! But the person who is in Individuation; He is fully aware and in control of his own individual subconscious. What he is unaware of is the collective unconscious. So this person’s dream becomes a collective dream; That is, if he dreams that the police have taken him away; This does not mean feeling guilty; Rather, it is a symbol of an event that takes place at the species level.
So he can communicate this to others as a guide, a mission. Again, Paolo Coelho mentions this in his book The Alchemist; Where there is a revelation for “Santiago” in the sense that “two warlords are at war with each other.” He then goes and tells the tribal elders that the enemy will attack this oasis at night!
Symbolically, this process is expressed in different ways. Jung preferred to express it with “mandalas” (concentric circles and squares). In many places it is shown as an egg, from which a chick is to emerge. That is, something inside us that then sprouts out of us and comes out. But what happens after the chick hatches?… The egg dies! In fact, eggs are essential for the creation of chickens; But when the growth of the chickens took place; The egg is no longer destroyed.
Again, Rumi has stated this issue in a beautiful narration. He says in that story:
“The hen decided to befriend the camel and invited the camel to her house; “Unaware that when the camel enters his house, there will be no house left!”
The process that takes place here; Is that strong social “I” which called the “ego” Disappears.
Let go of the trick, love, go crazy, go crazy
In the heart of the fire, become a butterfly
Destroy the house and drive yourself crazy
Then come and be with the lovers, be with the house!
That means when you can experience this homelessness when you no longer have a home! This is the process of Individuation. The Chinese express it with “yin and yang”; That is, two opposite things are boiling inside each other, and the “Tao” is the harmony of the two. “The snake that peels off” is another metaphor and symbol of this story. A snake that peels off; It leaves the previous skin and enters the next skin. Likewise, the “worm that becomes a butterfly” also dies; His cocoon is destroyed until the butterfly comes out.
Another symbol of individuality is the mythical phoenix. How is a phoenix born?… Instead of intercourse with the opposite sex, he intercourses with fire and burns himself in fire. dies; And new eggs sprout from the ashes of Phoenix. This phoenix, or mythical bird, is a myth of self. Lao Tzu also expresses a beautiful metaphor in his book Tao Tae-cheng. “We use the empty space of the room while these are the four walls that make up the empty space of the room,” he says. “We use the empty space of the jar, while it is the walls of the jar that make up the empty space of this jar.” It is as if these metaphors want to convey the message of Individuation.
We became teachers for a while as children
We were happy with our teacher for a while
End of hearing what happened to us
We came out of the dust and blew
In fact, if you do not understand Jung; This bit of Khayyam can never be revealed to you.
Returning to Paolo Coelho’s book The Alchemist,… Where is Santiago’s ultimate growth?
Where the bandits catch him and the alchemist says:
“My friend can be blown away and they do not believe. Then Santiago sits down and communicates with the world and a storm occurs! This is a symbol of joining with self. In fact, Paulo Coelho wants to say here that Santiago reached self and his process of individualization was completed. The same perdition for survival.
Another beautiful myth that symbolically expresses the process of Individuation and self; The legend is the “Wizard of the Emerald City” or the legend of OZ. In this legend, the wind lifts a girl and takes her to a land where she encounters “unfinished” things: a lion that has lost its courage; A scarecrow who has no intellect and an iron man who has no heart; And this girl puts it all together. In the words of “Sheikh Abdul Rahman Jami”:
“Whoever incomplete came here turn to be complete”
That is, the girl gathers all the imperfections together and brings them to perfection. Now why in that story does that little girl do the whole thing; It itself has a detailed decoding. The fact that a “girl” is doing this shows that, unlike the stage of socialization, which must be done with a discipline and discipline and masculinity; In the Individuation phase we need a feminine logic, an Eastern logic, and indeed a flexible logic. So to reach the post modern stage, which has a feminine logic; We must necessarily move beyond modernity.
This is called “Historicism”; That is what both Hegel and Marx believed. Based on this, we have to go through certain historical stages.
Eric Erickson also referred to this topic as “epigenetic theory” at the level of individual psychology. This means that we can not jump from the second step to the eighth step. Until we become modern; We can not become postmodern until we desecrate it; We do not become modern. Like the shoe you have to put on first; Capture ourselves so that we can be liberated later and be able to cross rocks and meadows. First that captivity is necessary; That demands Greek rationality, and then comes that freedom, which can be said to be feminine or oriental rationality.
The second point in OZ’s story is that the girl is a “kid”; That is childish honesty. By claiming, by calculating and business, what is in my benefit and what is not dangerous for me; With these accounts, no one can arrive at the point of individuality. A childish honesty must be involved. The kitten that is always with this girl shows her animal instinct. If we lose our animal instinct somewhere; In practice, this path becomes problematic.
You see how much symbolism is used in a story; It is as if there is a compact and a concentration of concepts in such stories, and we must make these stories open and understandable.
Any work that lasts; it becomes transhistorical and transgeographical; It must be based on archetypes.
Of course, there are two modes here. Some are “writer philosophers”; Like Paolo Coelho, who sets the archetypal arrangements for himself and then symbolizes them (these are topics of discussion in the psychology of art). For example, he says: I want to draw the path of individuality. Santiago is the person who is supposed to be the passenger of this route; Malik Siddiq is the one who is the guide; That gypsy woman is a symbol of the feminine psyche; Fatemeh is the symbol of anima; she arranges these and then makes a story.
On the other hand, there are a number of storytellers who, in my opinion, do not “engineer” the story; It is as if they suddenly find hand writing! That is, something suddenly boils inside them; Like Hafez’s poem (maybe!). The writer or poet rises, writes from the beginning to the end, and ends at once; That is, no matter how hard they try, not a single bit can be added to it! Like his audience, he is a “witness” and the audience of the poem that has appeared in him.
This is what Jung calls it: mass subconscious aggression; That is, something in the collective subconscious spills out; He does not know himself. So these are two different processes that you see in enduring stories and enduring poems.
Let’s review Pinocchio’s story. Pinocchio is the story of becoming human; It is one of the stories of individuality. You see, Pinocchio is not really a human being; It is a wooden doll that is going to travel to become a human being. To be sure, Carla Claudio, the author of this book, knew she was writing about the creation of man; Just note that Pinocchio’s father’s name is “Geppetto” and “Geppetto” is the same as “Jupiter”.
In Roman and Christian literature, God is also called. So you see Carla Claudio making father Geppetto a symbol of God. Pinocchio was also a puppet, but his threads were not installed. It is as if all animals and beasts are puppets but have threads (instincts), while that wooden dummy has been given freedom; What Existentialists Say:
“Freedom is human destiny”! We have to be free!
The sky could not draw the loan, the lottery for my name was driven crazy!
He actually looks at the colour but does not see the original colour; It has a coloured blind. Sees virtual colour. This is the male cat, but the cunning fox is a symbol of dogmatic intellect, expedient intellect. This is what Rumi says:
The foot of the intellectual logic is wooden. The wooden foot is unstable and unreliable.
As long as these two is the leader of Pinocchio; He makes mistakes many times. He wants to help father Geppetto as well; But he makes a mistake. But in the end, something very important happens. This makes a lot of sense. The fact is that Pinocchio is finally back home; But when he returns home, he finds that father Geppetto is missing! This time, father Geppetto has gone after his son and is missing! That is, now the boy who has returned and found himself; He has to go another round and find the father. Jung believed that if we wanted to know God on the basis of the Old Testament, the Torah; Based on the claims he has made about himself; It can be said that he is a paranoid and narcissistic god who was childishly unconscious of himself and called his shadow “Satan”.
The Christian saint St. Francis of Assisi has a very interesting saying; He says that it is not man’s duty to defeat the devil; Rather, it is man’s duty to bring Satan back to God. That is, God informs the unconscious, paranoid and narcissistic about his subconscious. On this basis, it is as if the human species has come to grow God. In such an atmosphere, as you can see, “Carlo Claudio” also believes in it; God is where Jonah went; That is, it is stuck in the belly of the fish, and this time it is man who takes it out and grows it; And when that happens, man becomes human.
There are two narratives about Individuation; Some narrations are linear. (We said that Westerners misunderstand when they want to understand the East, and Easterners misunderstand when they want to understand the West. Jung also looked at things from a Western perspective; that is, although he looked to the East, he understood it from the West.) Perceptions that deviate from the process; It is a linear impression.
That is, we pass a point called the ego and reach a point called the self, and this path is the path of Individuation. Some of Jung’s books convey this view. Whereas Jung himself, in his seminar on “Thus Spoke Zarathustra” Nietzsche; Has somewhat modified its perception. Of course, he did not put this on paper; Rather, it is only through the questions and answers that the seminar was conducted that it became clear that Jung had reached a circular Chinese view later in life.
In that view, the ego and the self do not intersect linearly; The ego becomes the self, and this self becomes the ego of the next movement; Again, this becomes self, and… means that the movement of growth is a spiral movement; A movement that never stops. That is, the process of individualization is a process that begins but does not end and continues until the end of life. This is the same Heinzenberg uncertainty principle that we talked about earlier and said that we are always kind of amazed. According to Attar’s classification of stages of development, the sixth stage of Sufi mysticism (ie, one stage left to the end) is the Valley of Wonder, followed by the Valley of Doom. That is, it is as if the highest stage of growth is the stage of astonishment; Because annihilation is when you are not and only your work is remembered in the world. According to Dr. Khanlari:
For a moment, the blue sky of that world was a blue roof, and then it was nothing
That is, when the stage of individuality in human life ends; He reaches perdition in which there is rebirth; In the words of Attar in the book “The Logic of the Bird”:
If you are on the right path to the complete bird,
The Truth will stay but not you!
Sheikh Attar says:
The work of the world is astonishing and astonishing
Astonishment is astonishment
So if you are still stunned and amazed; Know that you are in the right place and when you are sure; Know that you have not reached your destination. That’s why Albert Einstein says:
“My religion is a religion of disbelief; My religion is the religion of uncertainty; “Every time I am convinced, I know that I have become irreligious.”
So if we look at it from this perspective, we see that we never get to the end of the line.
Jung’s most prominent work is the book in which he describes Nietzsche as “Thus Spoke Zarathustra.” In addition to the questions and answers that was done in this seminar; It turns out that Jung also turned to spiral theory later in life. One of the things that is clearly seen in Jung’s speeches is that Jung spoke very humorously and with sarcasm and gestures; So you have to read this book seven, eight times to understand what he meant. (This book is in fact a lecture presented in the form of a seminar. This seminar lasted for four years, once a week. Dr. Sepideh Habib also provided an excellent translation of it and published it by Karvan Publications and then Qatreh Publishing.)
“If anyone feels reached,” Jung says in the book. Has a disease. The name of this disease is mental swelling; Inflating the psyche! That is, whenever someone felt that “I am the saviour of humanity”; Has mental swelling. This is different from his previous linear view. In that linear view, the man who reaches the self is the manifestation of God; Therefore, the province has a description and development of all beings.
But in this view he says that anyone who felt he had this province; Has suffered from psychic inflation. This is a path that is constantly moving and the one who feels reached is sick. He then goes on to explain what causes some to experience psychic inflation. Do they have defective genes or do they have a lower IQ? How did a good person move; But at one point he suffers from psychic inflation and allows himself to kill, for example, an innocent person ?! What’s happening here?… Jung says that psychic inflation is a “social pathology.”
That is, in a society where people do not follow the path of individuality and do not have the courage to follow this path themselves; If someone in that community follows this path; Then people see all their ideals manifested in that person. In other words, they inject all their mental energy into him; They see his picture on the moon; They rub his saliva into their eyes; They lick his shoes…! Jung says that this psyche has its own psychic energy that it pushes to get them out and can not get out; Injected into someone in which the community is the leader; Is a hero; He is a scientist or a writer and in short he is ahead of the rest. Then he suffers from psychic inflation and then this person becomes the most dangerous creature on earth! In fact, Hitler was not Hitler; Hitler was a successful leader who was ousted by Hitler.
So psychological inflation is created in such a way that the population of millions who have to go the way of individuality; They do not go. Or do not understand; Or do not know; Or they are afraid. Or the “cunning fox” considers the material of their moment; Or “male cat” instincts. Then the chick that is going to hatch; They have an abortion.
Physicists say, “Nothing is destroyed; Nothing happens; “It only changes from one form to another (the principle of the survival of matter and energy).” On this principle, the aborted fetal of millions of people who have not followed the path of individuality; It donates its energy and right to life to a person who has the courage to do so. In this way, the hero becomes a superhuman hero and the hero becomes a myth.
Every culture has myths that it thinks are immortal, infallible and innocent. Then these myths give any order; People do the same thing and this becomes a social danger! It could be Hitler’s Germany, Mussolini’s Italy, it could be the Emperor of Japan when he thought he was the child of the sun goddess! This is all because of the mass psyche that has caused psychic inflation in one person.
Ashu also believes that self is achievable; But even though he was an Indian and an Oriental; Looks at this process linearly. He says man is a potential; But it does come true. In whom? For example, in Buddha and Christ! “These were examples of people who achieved self,” says Ashu.
But the existentialist psychoanalyst Ervin Yalom, in his book “Mom and the Meaning of Life”, which has been well translated by Dr. Sepideh Habib, has a sentence that I think is the masterpiece of this book. He says: “Those who have become myths for us; They themselves have been caught up in myths, that is, they basically deny that Christ and Buddhism existed apart from anecdotes as a two-legged human being. The same thing that Shahnameh says:
Rostam was a hero in Sistan
I growed that character
Ferdowsi says: Rostam Dastan who was hero in Sistan; These are two. This story was actually an allegory. In the Shahnameh itself, after all the talk about Rostam, it finally gives the message to the people that: don’t want to find Rostam’s grave and build a shrine on it and put a dome on it and think that it heals… No! Rostam was a hero in Sistan,,
I growed that character
The Greek novelist Nikos Kazantakis shows this in a very beautiful way in The Last Temptation of Christ (co-produced by Martin Scorsese). This story shows that Christ was anxious in every moment of his decisions; Was caught; He waited for the sign; Wait for someone to come and tell you what to do.
This is exactly the opposite of the church’s portrayal of Christ as a mythical figure, and well, of course, the Vatican boycotted the film; Definitely this movie sold four or five times! People who have experienced modernity; Whatever the church forbids; That is, he implicitly says that it is in our interest not to do it; They welcome it. Because the church is a pre-modern institution and has to stand up to our growth to maintain itself… There is a wonderful scene in The Temptation of Christ:
Christ refused to be crucified and eventually married someone he loved and had seven or eight children. One day he was walking in the market with a child in this hand and a child in that hand when he saw one of the apostles standing and gathered the people around him and he said that yes, Christ was crucified and… Christ says to him except me do not you know?! I who repented and came down from the cross! Here the apostle says that I am not talking about you; I’m talking about the Christian that people need. People need Christ to be crucified; It descends from the cross and ascends to heaven. People need him!…
Why do people need him?
Because they have a mass psyche; And as long as people have a mass psyche (the same “sociology of elite killing”), that is, society practically elitists one; Makes one a dictator; One is the hero of the martyr! To be the structure of society; One becomes Rustam: a bully – a holy liar hero, and another becomes Sohrab: honest, martyred and killed by his father!… Here Christ sees that he is right and he regrets it. Finally Christ says that now I want to be crucified and they make a flashback movie and we see Christ again who is no longer willing to come down from the cross; Because he comes to the conclusion that with the space that people have; They need to have myths.
The interesting thing is that all the dictators have been trying to create a superhuman face. They all made sculptures of themselves; They made images five meters by two meters. Why did they make these things? Large statue?… Because they want to look big; Make them appear superhuman.
This process of super-humanization is a very dangerous process. For this reason, Alain de Botton, in his book The Consolations of Philosophy, has selected a number of philosophers and named them as those whose heritage we must surely have alive in humanity. One of these people is “Michel de Montagne”.
The French philosopher Michel de Montagne wrote a treatise on himself and his life entitled My Biography. What do you think he mentioned in this treatise? I ate kebab; I burnt; I drank beer; I went to the bathroom last night; Constipation has overtaken me…! In fact, he says, I want to be a role model for people. I want to tell the elders to remember their human face so that people do not forget and understand that, for example, on a certain date, a man ate castor oil due to chronic constipation; Did not affect; Then he ate bisacodyl and his stomach worked! In fact, Michel Dumontani’s legacy was to keep your senses; The older you get, the more you have to show your human face.
One of the functions of the media in modern countries is to prevent those in power from becoming superhuman. For example, American television shows that Obama is looking for a collar for his daughter’s dog in a shop! This image is preventing the person in power from becoming a myth and a dictator. According to Hafez:
O God, They were heartless and no religious
The people,We called it wise and prudent!
“Mohsen Makhmalbaf” has also mentioned the same myth in the movie “Scream of the Ants”. Where those travellers are looking for the perfect man; “The perfect man”! The king part of this film is where he says: “One who reaches the truth,! becomes a fascist”. One who “imagines reaching”; Becomes a fascist. Now wherever he wants to be: family fascist, tribal fascist, city fascist or world fascist.
This is where Jean-Paul Sartre says: “To be human is to be concerned.” If a person sees one day that he has no worries and says that I have arrived; I went this way to perfection and reached:
If you reach to love , look at all the Golestan (Flowers Garden)
Whatever you wants, your heart will as well,
If, like Hallaj, who says “Ana al-Haqq”;(I am god) Someone thought he had reached his destination; Know that he is stuck somewhere:
Such a worm that is hidden in an apple
His earth and sky are the same
Its miserable earth and sky are so small that it feels like it has reached its end; Feels of Lordship over others (I am my highest Lord!); It feels “arrived”!
This is where Jean-Paul Sartre says:
“Being human means being concerned”!
Dr. Mohammad Reza Sargolzaei – Psychiatrist
Translated By: Negar Kolkar
Photo From: i.pinimg.com
لینک کوتاه مطلب: https://drsargolzaei.com/en//?p=14605
این مطلب به زبانهای Persian در دسترس است